Rarely grows higher than 5 – 10 ft tall and 1-5 ft wide. If the Dwarf Fan Palm is grown well, it can add a fantastic exotic luxuriance to your garden. The Royal Horticultural Society is the UKâs leading gardening charity. Search by plant name, key attributes or both to find plant details and a list of The Chinese fan palm is a plant that needs a lot of sunlight to grow. Growing Zone (USA / UK Hardiness): USDA Zones 8b to 11 / H4 - hardy to about -10°C (14°F). Plant Details. The key is to feed and water them enough, to get them to grow reasonably fast (left to their own devices, they grow slowly) and, more importantly, remove all leaves that are less than perfect. The diminutive European fan palm is silver-green, slow-growing and one of the most easy-care, cold hardy palms for South Florida. Life Cycle / Plant Type: … If you select any attributes with or without a plant name, you will see a much narrower selection of results taken only from the old RHS Plant Selector database. 1-1.5 metres, Time to ultimate height Choose a location that is far away from high-traffic areas as European fan palms have spines that run up and down their trunks which can be painful to the touch. Washingtonia: W. filifera, cotton palm, growing to 15m; W.robusta, skyduster, grows to 25m. Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions. The "Mediterranean Fan Palm," as it's often called, is a multi-trunk palm yet it stays very compact and won't outgrow a small area. 020 3176 5800 European fan palms thrive in full sun, but can tolerate part shade as well. The light that comes through a window is ideal if it is a northern or a southern facing window. available, ranging from the dwarf Mediterranean Fan palm to the massive Canary Island Date palm. 20-50 years, Cultivation It prefers dappled light and rich, loose potting mix. Propagate by seed or suckers, Suggested planting locations and garden types They belong to the family of Arecaceae or Palmae. C. humilis is a bushy evergreen palm making a medium-sized shrub, often stemless or multi-stemmed, with a rounded mass of fan-shaped leaves to 45cm in length. see more; Family Arecaceae . Genus Chamaerops is a single species of evergreen palm with several erect stems bearing large, rounded leaves deeply cut into linear segments; insignificant flowers are borne in panicles from the lower leaf axils, followed by small, date-like fruits . It’s one of only two palms native to Europe and copes happily with British weather. Ensure you choose a location where your European fan palm receives at least 4-6 hours of direct sunlight every day. European fan palms are not prone to any serious pests or diseases. Cori is a freelance writer based out of Ontario, Canada, who specializes in houseplants and houseplant care. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets, Ultimate height In time they may These trees are native to arid areas of California, Nevada, Arizona, Florida and northwestern Mexico, depending on the species. Once an extensive root system has been established, European fan palms are moderately drought tolerant and watering can be reduced. Description: This is a multi-stemmed dwarf fan palm from southern China. City & Courtyard Gardens Coastal Patio & Container Plants Architectural, Pests glasshouse red spider mite may be a problem under glass, Diseases Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, European fan palm, Mediterranean fan palm, Mediterranean dwarf palm. However, the soil should be well-draining - a mix of peat moss and sand or peat moss and perlite is sufficient. Chamaerops is a genus of flowering plants in the family Arecaceae.The only currently fully accepted species is Chamaerops humilis, variously called European fan palm or the Mediterranean dwarf palm.It is one of the most cold-hardy palms and is used in landscaping in temperate climates. European fan palms can be propagated by seed and by removing and separating suckers. Chamaerops humilis - Mediterranean fan palm |The Palm Centre Water Req: Moderate. Join the RHS today and support our charitable work, Keep track of your plants with reminders & care tips â all to help you grow successfully, For the latest on RHS Shows in 2020 and 2021, read more, RHS members get free access to RHS Gardens, Free entry to RHS members at selected times », Reduced prices on RHS Garden courses and workshops, Our Garden Centres and online shops are packed with unique and thoughtful gifts and decorations to make your Christmas sparkle, General enquiries Short rigid panicles of small yellow flowers are borne on mature plants only, Plant range long), blue-green fan-shaped leaves that are divided into as many as 10-20 narrow, stiff segments. the RHS today and get 12 months for the price of 9, Other common names Other than this optional maintenance, European fan palms are fairly self-sufficient and require no regular pruning. Soil. They also have exceptional wind and drought tolerance. They are: This plant will provide nectar and pollen for bees and the many other types of pollinating insects. We aim to enrich everyoneâs life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place. Growing and Care Guide. These palms have petioles armed with upward-pointing spines along the margin; use extreme caution when handling them. Origin: It is native to Mediterranean region of Europe. Choose a well-drained spot in a sheltered position as few palms tolerate windswept locations On heavier clay soils prone to winter waterlogging, thoroughly cultivate a wide area and throw up the soil into a low mound 25cm (10in) high. Range: Europe - Mediterranean. These palm trees grow up to 100 feet tall and have lifespans of up to 100 years. Arecaceae, Genus Read More However, as one of the most adaptable species of palms they can withstand both extreme heat and extreme cold. Do not overwater. Planting the palm in a big enough pot for its root system should eliminate the need to repot, unless the soil is depleted or it outgrows its pot. In extreme heat, it may need to be watered as often as once a week to help roots establish. The numerous stiff fan shaped fingered fronds tightly … Several of the palms described in this publication are unavailable or nearly so in Arizona. The Washingtonia genus of palm trees includes only two species; the Washington fan palm (Washingtonia robusta), which is also called the Mexican fan palm, and the California fan palm (W. filifera). We have combined these two powerful search tools into a single Find a Plant service searching over 250,000 plant records. European fan palms are not picky when it comes to soil. dwarf fan palm European fan palm, Family Transform your garden into a tropical paradise with this fantastically exotic Fan Palm! Care tips. Try an advanced search, RHS Registered Charity no. European fan palms are happy in average outdoor humidity but may require extra humidity when grown indoors.Â, European fan palms appreciate regular fertilizing throughout the year. Virtually all of the features of the old searches are still available and in addition we have added several new features to create a more comprehensive and user friendly search experience. However, it can be easily trained to grow with a single trunk by regularly removing the suckers. These can grow up to 2-7 ft high and grow much slower than many other palms. It can be stemless or multi-trunked (with up to 8 trunks) as it usually suckers from the base of the main trunk. This article provides some care tips which might prove useful to help the palm tree in one’s house to grow well. Watering: Water regularly during growing season. Regular watering in the summer helps to encourage growth. The second part of the scientific name humilis means dwarf, small, or lowest. The Dwarf Mediterranean Fan Palm is a selected form of Chamaerops humilis that originated in Sicily that is dwarf in many of its features: slower growing, shorter in stature, with smaller stiffer leaves. Chamaerops humilis (also known as the Dwarf Fan Palm) are the palms you will see growing all across the Mediterranean - and if ever there was a plant to give your garden a holiday feel, then this is it ! They have been included because they have the potential to broaden the landscape versatility of this important plant group. Amend the soil in the spring, summer, and fall with a slow-release fertilizer meant for palms.Â. They are cold hardy to ar… The leaves are divided into five to 12 blunt-ended pieces and its stems are clothed in a brown fibrous sheath like hessian. Chamaerops humilis 'Vulcano' is variable in the actual size and form of the leaves and, especially, the degree of silver on the leaf underside. European fan palms are not picky when it comes to soil. When in growth water moderately and feed with a balanced fertiliser once a month. It is one of the best dwarf palm variety with narrow green fronds. This palm responds favorably to frequent, light fertilization. The word Chamaerops comes from two Greek words – chamae meaning low or ground and ropis meaning shrub or side-shoot – and refers to the plant’s growth habit. Best used for: Landscaping, wind break, screening, hedging, ornamental, or as a large pot plant. Allow the soil to dry between waterings and then soak thoroughly. Propagation: Propagated from seeds, the European fan palm needs temperatures of 80ºF (27ºC) which makes them difficult for the average grower to propagate. When planting European fan palms outdoors, ensure that the palms are spaced at least 3-4 feet apart. It can live and do well in full-sun conditions, but a little bit of afternoon shade will not hinder the growth of the plant. They also grow well as houseplants, adapting easily to indoor conditions. Dwarf palmetto palm has large fan-shaped leaves, short fat trunk, and smooth branches. When growing European fan palms in containers ensure that they dry out thoroughly between waterings. Landscape uses of this palm tree: Dwarf palmetto palms are native to Florida. Dwarf Fan Palm, European fan palm, Hair Palm, Mediterranean Fan Palm: Family: Arecaceae or Palmae: USDA hardiness: 8-11: Known Hazards: None known: Habitats: Nutritionally poor, dry sandy or rocky soils on mountain slopes to 1000 metres[50, 89, 166, 200]. Mon – Fri | 9am – 5pm, Join the RHS today and support our charity. The Licuala grandis is a truly out of the ordinary palm.It's beauty is deraigned from it's magnificient fan-like fronds, which dominate the palm at it's early age. European Fan Palm Guide: How to Grow & Care for “Chamaerops Humilis” ... Mediterranean dwarf palm is a tropical plant but it is also the most tolerant to colder temperatures. It refers to the small size of the plant as compared to most other palm trees. Common Name: Lady Palm. They are able to adapt to varying textures ( loam, clay, or sand) and pH levels (slightly acidic to highly alkaline). Houseplant care: Chamaerops humilis is probably the best palm to grow in a container where it can survive drought, heat, wind, cold and long periods of neglect. Chamaerops is a single species of evergreen palm with several erect stems bearing large, rounded leaves deeply cut into linear segments; insignificant flowers are borne in panicles from the lower leaf axils, followed by small, date-like fruits, Details Potting and Repotting. Being a cold-hardy Florida palm, the dwarf palmetto can survive temperatures as low as 0°F (-18°C). Northern gardeners rejoice, this fan palm can tolerate freezing temperatures! Indoors the Lady palm can grow up to 14ft tall. Chinese Fan Palm (Fountain Palm) Plant Profie, How to Grow and Care for String of Dolphins, How to Grow and Care for Chinese Money Plant, How to Grow and Care for the Yesterday-Today-and-Tomorrow Plants, How to Grow and Care for Alligator Juniper. Until the roots of a European fan palm are well-established, it should be watered regularly. European fan palms also tolerate poor soils well. As its name suggests, this is a small species of palm, and it doesn’t usually grow taller than 3 ft. (1 m). Water sparingly in winter, Propagation There is normally no need to water Chamaerops palms during the winter, only make sure the root ball does not dry out. RHS members can get exclusive individual advice from the RHS Gardening Advice team. In colder regions, they can be kept outside during the warm summer months and overwintered indoors. Spend £250 get 2.5% Discount, £500 get 5% Discount, £1000 get 10% Discount, £4000 Get 15% Discount The European Fan Palm is also known as Mediterranean Fan Palm, Dwarf Fan Palm, and Palmito. The Chinese fan palm prefers temperatures that are warm and betwee… The hardy dwarf palm tree thrives in hot, humid conditions but is also cold tolerant to 0°F (-18°C). They are characterized by large (up to 18-24 in. Cold temperatures, wind and drought won’t phase it. Growth Rate: Slow. Scientific Name: Chamaerops humilis Common Name (s): European Fan Palm, Mediterranean Dwarf Palm, Dwarf Fan Palm, Zwergpalme. Indirect sunlight is also a great option to consider, especially if it is being grown inside. This European native thrives in sunny, warm daytime temperatures and cool evening temperatures. The European fan palm (Chamaerops humilis), also known as the Mediterranean fan palm or the Mediterranean dwarf palm, is the most cold-hardy species of palm tree, tolerating temperatures as low as 10 degrees Fahrenheit (or -12 degrees Celsius). They are able to adapt to varying textures (loam, clay, or sand) and pH levels (slightly acidic to highly alkaline). Among the hardiest palms, Chamaerops humilis (European Fan Palm) is a bushy evergreen palm forming a medium-sized rounded shrub or a small tree. In regions with harsh winter conditions, European fan palms can be easily overwintered indoors. European fan palms are slow-growing, hardy palms that grow to form a medium-sized shrub or small tree. Happily with British weather Zones 8 ( 10F to 15F ) to 11 ( above F. With distinctive fan-shaped fronds in whorls and make the UK a greener more. And pollen dwarf fan palm care bees and the many other palms not prone to any serious pests diseases. 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