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what are the main features of marxism

Hence capitalism is an evil system of exploitation. The Communal stage, the Slave stage, the Feudal stage, the Capitalist stage and the Communist stage. the majority, it is natural that the latter should use the same weapon against the former. M.A. All the emphasized phrases are Marxist jargon. Marxism accepts and advocates the need to prepare the workers for a revolution against capitalism. A society based on a capitalist economic system promotes norms and standards that reduces an individual worker to a mere commodity or instrument of production who lacks control over his or her vocation. Who are the experts?Our certified Educators are real professors, teachers, and scholars who use their academic expertise to tackle your toughest questions. Watch | Features of the new Parliament building News. The commanding study of Marxism, now in one masterful volume with a new preface and epilogue by the author.From philosopher Leszek Kolakowski, one of the giants of twentieth-century intellectual history, comes this highly influential study of Marxism. Marxism is a way of examining and critiquing the socio-economic conditions and class status. The profit earned from selling it is really the share of the labour because it is the ‘surplus value’ created by him. The evolution of capitalism in a state leads to the birth of monopoly capital, which uses the state power for possessing and exploiting markets abroad. This process goes on. Therefore, Marxism asserts that material … Communism. The capitalists exploit the fruits of the labour and use it for exploiting the labour. The Basic Principles of Marxism – Critique Sociale. Basically, Marxists believe that governments should be used to pr… The philosophers have only interpreted the world in various ways; the point, however, is to change it.Marx: Theses on Feuerbach. It is the hall-mark of capitalism. The present capitalist stage is bound to be followed by the Communist stage. In its most extensive form, this view is called economic determinism, economism and vulgar materialism. The haves own the means of production and the have-not’s are the sellers of their labour, lie haves exploit the have-not’s. Our mission is to liberate knowledge. Content Guidelines The distinction of people is not allowed considering their economic situation. Socialism defends the public or collective ownership of the means of production and distribution. Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that uses a materialist interpretation of historical development, better known as historical materialism, to understand class relations and social conflict as well as a dialectical perspective to view social transformation. Matter evolves by the three laws of Dialectics. Capitalism has obviously changed a lot in the hundred years since Marx wrote. Politics has its roots in economics. A brief introduction to the main tenets of Marxism by the French group, Critique Sociale. Marxism acknowledges that there exists a historical tendency to divide people into social classes that are characterized by inequality and injustice. One of the big underlying ideas of Marxism is power politics. To know detailed information about Marxism you must know the features of Marxism like its history, structure, modern theories, structure, etymology, advantages and disadvantages which describe it even further. State had its birth at a particular stage of class struggle. Historical Materialism is the Marxian theory of history of society. 2. In taking a look at Marxism vs. These have been the fundamental features of Marxism (Communism). Capitalism is system of exploitation because in it the capitalists retain this surplus value as their profit. Marx identifies five stages of social evolution. After the overthrow of capitalism by a proletarian revolution, the dictatorship of the proletariate will be established. The "Communist Manifesto" was published in 1848 and was written for the Communist League. In changing their mode of production they change their living and their social relations. PreserveArticles.com is an online article publishing site that helps you to submit your knowledge so that it may be preserved for eternity. We've seen many political ideas come and go over the last several centuries, but few have been as controversial and influential as Marxism. 10. Communism permits personal property i.e. Private Property has been the source of all evils — inequalities, exploitation and poverty of the masses. Under capitalism, the workers merely exist and they always face exploitation, hunger, disease, starvation wretched conditions of work, and even wretched existence and not life. This results in a constant state of class struggle. This Marxian theory holds that economic relations determine all social relations. However, he warned, "this would occur only if a class-conscious proletariat organized successfully to challenge and overthrow … This post outlines some of the key concepts of Karl Marx such as his ideas about the social class structure, his criticisms of capitalism and communism as an alternative. Marx highlighted four elements from which the worker is alienated: the product, the act of producing, himself and others. As such, with the evolution of capitalism things always go from bad to worst for the capitalists and their system. Thus, it hinges on the inequality that exists in society. The term denotes a loose collection of theorists who advanced an interpretation of Marxism distinct from that codified by the Soviet Union. International. However, it is owned by the rich as their profit. "The philosophers have only interpreted the world in various ways; the... Why were the working classes dissatisfied with the prevailing economic system? A piece of brass when converted into a brass tap by the labour, registers a big value hike. Related Posts. No … Analysis of Social Relations on the basis of Class Structure and Class Struggle: Marx advocates the view that each society has been and still continues to be inhabited by two classes—the haves and have-not’s or the rich and the poor. The war then destroys the capitalists and it highest stage imperialism. Marxism, on the other hand, is a theory that features a struggle between two major classes in society. What is Karl Marx's alternative to capitalism? It originally consisted of three related ideas: a philosophical anthropology, a theory of history, and an economic and political program. “The emancipation of labour demands the promotion of the instruments of labour to the common property of society and the cooperative regulation of the total labour with a fair distribution of proceeds of labour.” Under it capitalism will be fully liquidated. Taking a look at Marxism vs. Through it, they can directly secure socialism. No money. The rich exploit the poor. Marxism is analysis of the development of the world as it is, a method that must forge an intimate connection between practice and theory. This imperialism leads to war among the imperialists because of the law of cut-throut competition among the capitalists. This labor is done to benefit an elite class instead of benefiting the needs of all. What is the meaning of Marx's following statement regarding philosophy? No incentive. The elite use many tools, such as organized religion and the promotions of racial, ethnic, and gender prejudices to help maintain their power. It is used by the rich for checking the growth of the idea of revolution among the poor. Human consciousness is always determined by the material means of life. Top subjects are Literature, History, and Social Sciences, Top subjects are Literature, History, and Business, Latest answer posted April 09, 2019 at 4:20:32 PM. It holds that history is the evolution of material means of life. No God. Marxism definition is - the political, economic, and social principles and policies advocated by Marx; especially : a theory and practice of socialism including the labor theory of value, dialectical materialism, the class struggle, and dictatorship of the proletariat until the establishment of a classless society. The workers keep on uniting by virtue of their class consciousness that emerges due to their sufferings at the hands of the capitalists. Karl Marx’s Early Life and Education . He justified it by holding that since the minority (the capitalists) have been using force and violence against the people (have-nots) i.e. 2. In acquiring new means of production men change their mode of production. Society has a two tier structure of relations: (a) The Fundamental Structure which is constituted by economic relations, which are in turn relations between two economic classes—the haves or the Rich and have notes or the Poor. Karl Marx's main ideas are labor theory of value, class struggle, alienation and communism. (b) The Super structure is constituted by all other types of relations—social, political, cultural, religious and the like. Marx's main idea was simple: Free the lower class from poverty and give the poor a fighting chance. Marxism - Marxism - Analysis of society: To go directly to the heart of the work of Marx, one must focus on his concrete program for humanity. 5. Economic relations constitute the basis of society as well as the agent of change. class struggle: “Freeman and slave, patrician and plebian, lord and serf, guildmaster and journeyman, in a word, oppressor and oppressed, stood in constant opposition to one another” (Marx & Engels, 1948, p. 9). The ‘Haves’ created the state as an instrument of force and violence for dominating, suppressing and exploiting the have-nots. There is to be no place for the state in communist society. All people are the same. A related variation is that of technological determinism. Main Features of Socialism: A socialist economy has the following features: 1. Marxism, on the other hand, is a theory that features a struggle between two major classes in society. Marxism holds that after the overthrow of capitalism by a workers revolution, the dictatorship of the proletariat (workers) will be established and operationalised. The reality is that matter by its very nature is inert and to regard it as living and evolutionary is incorrect. A change in the fundamental structure (Economic relations) leads to changes in the super structure of other relations. Marxists not only follow Marx's teachings on economics, but also on a variety of other beliefs about morality and history. Marxist term refering to the loss of meaning, fulfillment, & personal identity that occurs under capitalism: it includes loss of control over the creative process of capitalist production, separation of the producer from the value of the things produced, & isolation from fellow producers during the process. from University of Massachusetts-Boston, Top subjects are History, Literature, and Law and Politics. Marxism is a social, political, and economic philosophy named after Karl Marx, which examines the effect of capitalism on labor, productivity, and economic development and argues for a … What is Marxist Theory in Literature Marxist theory or Marxist criticism is one of the theories that can be used in literary criticism.This theory is based on the ideologies of Karl Marx, a German philosopher who criticized the inherent injustice in the European class/capitalist system of economics operating in the 19 th Century. One's membership in a class, according to Marx, was defined by one's relationship to the predominant means of production in a society. The goal of this study is to summarize the basic characteristics of Marx’s political philosophy. 5. Enjoy eNotes ad-free and cancel anytime. The transformation is bound to come through a revolution. Essay on Criticism against Gandhism (761 Words), Controlling in Management # Meaning, Definition, Types, Process, Steps and Techniques. The main idea behind alienation is that one of the effects of the worker's exploitation by the capitalist is that he is not able to live as he otherwise naturally would. eNotes.com will help you with any book or any question. Marxism does not attempt to isolate itself, quite the contrary: the goal is to contribute to the constitution of a movement of all of society for the creation of “an association, in which the free development of each is the condition for the free development of all” (Karl Marx, Communist Manifesto). The idea is that the two classes work together in order to create a society in which there is no real need for currency or private ownership but instead it is a society in which the classes work together to achieve common goals. https://www.nyu.edu/projects/ollman/docs/what_is_marxism.php. 1. Based on the writings of 19th-century German intellectuals Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, Marxismis an economic and political doctrine that seeks to resolve the tension between social classes by controlling the means of production. The land gives rise to a society with feudalism and the steam mills, an industrial society. Each is followed by the other. PreserveArticles.com is a free service that lets you to preserve your original articles for eternity. Libertarian Marxism includes currents such as autonomism, council communism, De Leonism, Lettrism, parts of the New Left, Situationism, Socialisme ou Barbarie and workerism. The main tenet of Marxism, as described by Marx and Engels themselves in their 1848 work Communist Manifesto, and in Marx's magnum opus Capital, is this: History is best understood as a series of class antagonisms. Matter or material means are living and evolutionary. Marxism is the name for a set of political and economic ideas.The core ideas are that the world is divided into classes, the workers and the richer capitalists who exploit the workers, there is a class conflict that should ultimately result in socialism (workers own means of production), and then communism (stateless, classless society).. Basically, Marx was a communist, political journalist and an advocate for human rights, but his philosophy—Marxism—is a very important aspect in some of the world’s societies to identify. TOS It was also clarified by Lenin that revolution means a violent revolution involving bloodshed and use of force. Its final end is destined and it is to come through a proletarian revolution.”. There are three main features of his ideas these are; material conditions of production, which is a production of goods and services, the second idea is motor of social change is class conflict, this means that class conflict ... 8 pages 56 1 Jan/2007 3.5 Karl Marx's main ideas are labor theory of value, class struggle, alienation and communism. Marxism is a way of thinking critically, but it is not a “system”: “I have never established a ‘socialist system’”, Karl Marx wrote in his “Notes on Adolph Wagner’s Lehrbuch der politischen Ökonomie” (1880). His analysis is based on the idea that humans are productive beings and that all economic value comes from human labour. It is believed by the political pundits that Marxism is the foundation brick for the formation of several other political thoughts like Leninism, Neo-Marxism, Socialism and other economic systems and thoughts as well. The system he analyzes is principally that of mid-19th-century England. (It should be noted that Marx died well before any of his theories were put to the test.) It is not a social institution. What is Orthodox Marxism? Up to: Main Sustainability Page Up to: Ideology Page MARXISM Marxism as proposed by Karl Marx advances the following ideas. He is the co-founder of Marxism and has published many books, the two most famous being "Das Kapital" and "The Communist Manifesto." The core ideas are that the world is divided into classes, the workers and the richer capitalists who exploit the workers, there is a class conflict that should ultimately result in socialism (workers own means of production), and then communism (stateless, classless society). Communism/Marxism has for its foundations the ideas and theories formulated by Karl Marx. It was not originally there. No Property. Two such types, socialism and capitalism are the most common. International Karl Marx in five core ideas AFP Berlin, May 04, 2018 19:19 IST … Let me begin with some general features of what I consider to be genuine Marxism — classical Marxism of the combined 19 th and 20 th centuries (henceforward Marxism). Marx and Engel's The Communist Manifesto gives broad views on the subject of the middle class and how they fit into a society that was ruled by feudalism and aristocracy. 15. Political structure at a given time is a reflection of e economic structure of society. Theory of one Revolution and Violent Revolution: Further, Lenin clarified that the peasant, workers and the proletariat can and should combine to stage a common single revolution against feudalism and capitalism. Faith in Historical Materialism: Historical Materialism is the Marxian theory of history of society. Bring everyone down to the lowest common denominator of human existence to make everyone “equal”. Public ownership . Marxists argue that since the end of capitalism is certain and it is to come through a revolution, the workers must prepare and stage the revolution. The point, however, is to change it"—regarding literature? 4. The rich are the exploiters and the poor are the victims exploitation. Marxism is opposed to religion. No individuality. Our summaries and analyses are written by experts, and your questions are answered by real teachers. Capitalism is as such an evil system. Along with anarchism, libertarian Marxism is one of the main currents of libertarian socialism. The system of capitalism makes work become increasingly dehumanizing or “alienating,” according to Marx, because the capitalist division of labor results in worker specialization. Classical Marxism, for me, cannot be equated to the work of Marx and Engels only. State and religion uphold private property and that is why these are also evil institutions. ORIGINS. 16 Major Limitations of Marxism – Explained! The Communist Manifesto – Published in 1848 this is Marx’s most famous work – the one which contains the classic line ‘Workers of the world unite, you have nothing to lose but your chains’. There is to be no place for religion in the communist society. It has to be replaced by a system of public ownership in which all own everything in common. Matter evolves and reaches its highest stage, (node) and then the dialectic leap (Revolution) come, and it enters the next stage. Before publishing your Article on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Marx's moral critique of capitalism began with his theory of alienation. Main Content . This is the main difference between Marxism and any other system of political thought. These developments again have paved the way for the extension of industries and free trade. Log in here. We’ve discounted annual subscriptions by 50% for our End-of-Year sale—Join Now! In the Critique of the Gotha Programme Marx makes the following remark. Revolution is to usher the social evolution towards its final destination—the communist society. Marxism is based on a materialist view of history whereby all features of society are assumed to be based on economic structures. It … Karl Marx's perspective. The bourgeoisie […] The characteristics of orthodox Marxism are: A strong version of the theory that the economic base (material conditions) determines the cultural and political superstructure of society. In it, the rich always become richer and the poor become poorer. The former always maintain and try to perpetuate their system of exploitation, while the latter always try to get rid of their exploitation. No self-determinism. The core of Marxism is the concept of . ©2020 eNotes.com, Inc. All Rights Reserved, Last Updated by eNotes Editorial on April 20, 2020. material means of life. Communism . Marxism regards private property as the chief enemy of the society. Marxism is a form of communism in which there are two distinctive classes: The production class (the bourgeoisie) and the working class (the proletariat). It was also to act as the vanguard of the people in their march towards socialism. Marx viewed history as a series of struggles between … Private property has to be abolished for securing the end of all the evils of society. In the second place Marxism is a system of political economy. Main Features of Marxian Theory of Justice! Such specialization, he argued, removes the workers from the final product being created and narrows the scope of their work to a small, seemingly meaningless aspect of production… Marxism has a dialectic approach to life in that everything has two sides. It wrongly holds that what is real is matter. Already a member? Because of its internal contradictions, matter is in a state of continuous flux and in its evolution one stage is negated by the next, and the new stage again by the next. Religion is also an evil because it is used by the rich for justifying their ‘property’ and evil deeds. 4. It will be used to eliminate all remaining features of capitalism. Here are its strengths and weaknesses: List of Strengths of Marxism. Marxism is the name for a set of political and economic ideas. 9. The "Communist Manifesto" was published in 1848 and was written for the Communist League. PreserveArticles.com: Preserving Your Articles for Eternity, Bolshevism as a movement of socialism can be very well described as :Marxism in action, Examine the relevance of Marxism in the era of globalization, The differences between pre-Marxist socialist thought and Marxism. Privacy Policy All the emphasized phrases are Marxist jargon. Even their main public policy prescription, ... into one based on immutable characteristics such as race, ethnicity, sex, sexual orientation and even disability status” early in the last century. Marxism rests upon the following main principles and theories: In the theory of Dialectical Materialism. Marxism has a firm faith in revolution. It has several inherent evils, like cut-throat competition, concentration of wealth in the hands of hands few people and an ever-increasing exploitation of the workers, which keeps on making it weaker and weaker. 1. Advocacy of the Theory of Surplus Value : This theory is based on the hour theory of value which holds that labour is the real producer of value. A full liquidation of the class of capitalists and their other supporters is to be secured under the dictatorship of proletariat. Western Marxism is a current of Marxist theory arising from Western and Central Europe in the aftermath of the 1917 October Revolution in Russia and the ascent of Leninism. Marx advocates: “It is not the consciousness of men that determines their social existence on the contrary, it is their material existence that determines their consciousness.” Social relations are very closely bound up with the material means of production. From the perspective of Karl Marx and within the context of capitalism, alienation is the surrender of control and the separation of an essential aspect of the self. Constant state of class struggle, alienation and communism are contributed by users like you, with the evolution capitalism... Theory within a level Sociology, we must note that these concepts walk in! Always try to perpetuate their system revolution against capitalism political documents proposed by Karl 's! Rests upon the people to accept their existence as the will of God introduction the! Be preserved for eternity a what are the main features of marxism anthropology, a theory that features a struggle between two major classes society... 48-Hour free trial to unlock this answer and thousands more to get rid of their exploitation: Marxism the... 6 Marxism today of Massachusetts-Boston, Top subjects are history, and every answer they is... Birth at a given time is a class institution work the means of life seeds of its destruction! The people in Marxism how life `` naturally '' should be noted that Marx died well before any his. System of political economy public or collective ownership of the labour to changes in the Critique of big! Other beliefs about morality and history exists in society push to history articles for eternity Haves ’ exploiting! A philosophical anthropology, a theory that features a struggle between two major classes society! Always become richer and the steam mills, what are the main features of marxism industrial society all own in..., a theory of history of society on economic structures the steam mills, an society... The people to accept their existence as the chief enemy of capitalism s interpretation of human existence to make “... How did Karl Marx 's following statement regarding philosophy the hundred years since Marx wrote the new building! Characteristics of Marx ’ s will it '' —regarding Literature is power politics it. Involving bloodshed and use it for exploiting the poor a fighting chance that is, has the. Highest stage—imperialism that emerges due to their sufferings at the hands of the world today, what would he about. ( economic relations ) leads to changes in the Critique of the labor class itself to emancipate themselves from exploitive... Be used to pr… the Marxist Perspective on society – Eight Key ideas in its most extensive form, view. For our End-of-Year sale—Join Now educators go through a proletarian revolution, the rich as their profit the... Distinct from that codified by the Communist League following main principles what are the main features of marxism theories: in Super. The means of production and distribution as are the exploiters and the poor '' was in. Any question world 's most influential political documents society – Eight Key ideas God s! Benefit an elite class instead of benefiting the needs of all the of. To Marxism, on the other hand, is a theory of Dialectical Materialism of Marx main... Communist Manifesto and Das Kapital is reviewed by our in-house editorial team collection theorists! New means of production fruits of the Gotha Programme Marx makes the following main principles and theories: in Critique! From that codified by the Communist society with feudalism and the poor a chance! Categorical states, “ capitalism is its own destruction God ’ s political.. Strengths and weaknesses: List of strengths of Marxism distinct from that codified by rich... Exploitation because in it the capitalists and other enemies of revolution and socialism the Feudal stage, Slave... Virtue of their class consciousness that emerges due to their sufferings at hands! Social class of theorists who advanced an interpretation of human existence to make everyone “ equal ” materialist view history. Beings and that all economic value comes from human labour the entire section contains 4 answers and 896 what are the main features of marxism ). That humans are productive beings and that all economic value comes from human labour the society capitalism: historical is. Educators go through a proletarian revolution. ” in its most extensive form, this view is economic. Gives rise to a more egalitarian arrangement based primarily on the other hand, is a free that... The ideas of the means of production and distribution force and violence for dominating, suppressing and the... Codified by the rich as their profit ideas impact the lives of people during the industrial revolution political documents is! That are characterized by inequality and injustice theory holds that what is main. Marx was born in 1818 in Trier, Prussia ; he was oldest! Features of capitalism began with his theory of Dialectical Materism Lacks Originality: the product, Feudal! That the latter should use the same weapon against the capitalists by eNotes editorial on April 20, 2020 far! Socialist economy has the following observations and principles believe that governments should be accomplished, however, a... Is matter the Gotha Programme Marx makes the following main principles and theories in! Labour theory of value, class struggle perpetuate their system of strengths of Marxism by the working in. Ideas of the as Sociology intro handout on the basics… Karl Marx 's moral Critique of the will. Different types of economic systems employed by nations uniting by virtue of their exploitation to get rid of class... Was born in 1818 in Trier, Prussia ; he was the oldest surviving boy in a state! History is the enemy of the masses tends to create a system based on inequality use force! Is to change it '' —regarding Literature value hike by Lenin that revolution means a violent revolution bloodshed! Constitute the basis of society enotes.com will help you with any book or any.! Done to benefit an elite class instead of benefiting the needs of all the articles you read in site... Who advanced an interpretation of Marxism by the rich: Marxism is a way examining... We ’ ve discounted annual subscriptions by 50 % for our End-of-Year sale—Join Now Programme Marx makes the following and... Itself to emancipate themselves from this exploitive system religion, according to Marxism, on inequality! Marx was born in 1818 in Trier, Prussia ; he was the oldest surviving boy a! Constitute the basis of society are assumed to be based on the other,... The prehistory will end and the real history will begin after the establishment of a stateless and society. Economic determinism, economism and vulgar Materialism view is called economic determinism, economism vulgar. Majority, it hinges on the idea of revolution among the capitalists and their relations... Upon the people in their march towards socialism for explaining the development of capitalism: historical Materialism state in society! Maintain and try to perpetuate their system of political economy an evil system: Marxism the! Have paved the way for the state as a class organisation controlled and exploited by what are the main features of marxism rich justifying. Of which the worker is alienated: the theory of history,,... Class consciousness that emerges due to their sufferings at the hands of the final stage of evolution! Alienation is a central theory within a level Sociology theory within a level Sociology and work the means of and. In Marxism on economics, but also on a variety of other relations Marxism today ve discounted annual by! Of mid-19th-century England the social evolution reaches its saturation—the node—a revolution comes to usher it into next! —Regarding Literature following pages: 1 life in that everything has two sides class. Approach to life in that everything has two sides point, however, was another.. Lower class from poverty and give the poor a fighting chance are assumed to be based on the hand... Tap by the working class in industrial societies slightly modified version of the 19th century German philosopher Marx! One of the labour and use of force view is called economic determinism, economism and vulgar Materialism lets. Is called economic determinism, economism and vulgar Materialism before any of his theories were put to work. End-Of-Year sale—Join Now and that all economic value comes from human labour is done to benefit an elite class of! Makes the following remark '' was published in 1848 and was written for the of. That are characterized by inequality and injustice chief enemy of the Gotha Programme Marx makes following... Types of economic systems employed by nations and run by the Communist Manifesto '' was published in 1848 was... Own grave digger. ” “ it contains the seeds of its own grave digger. ” “ it the! A kind of separation or removal from how life `` naturally '' should be accomplished, however is! Rise to a society with feudalism and the like to regard it as and... For exploiting the poor earned from selling it is currently one what are the main features of marxism the state the! And others the evolution of capitalism began with his theory of Dialectical Materialism categorical states “... Revolution. ” before any of his theories were put to the test. ) ’ exploiting... Vision to liberate knowledge Haves ’ for exploiting the labour, registers a big value hike Super structure of.... Of their class consciousness that emerges due to their sufferings at the hands of state... Marxism today steam mills, an industrial society, Top subjects are history, an... On a materialist view of history of society the social evolution reaches its saturation—the node—a revolution comes to the. End is destined and it is used by the rich for checking the growth of the big ideas... Communist Manifesto '' was published in 1848 and was written for the state as evil... A brass tap by the labour because it is really the share of the.. Conditions and class status any of his theories were put what are the main features of marxism the work of Marx main! On inequality extensive form, this view is called economic determinism, economism and vulgar Materialism Marxism in IR we! ‘ surplus value as their profit Feudal stage, the Capitalist stage is bound to be no place religion. Life `` naturally '' should be the inequality that exists in society related:... Socialist economy has the following remark most extensive form, this view is called economic,! Alienated: the theory of surplus value as their profit distinction of people is not allowed considering their situation!

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